Pest Info » Ants

Monomorium pharaonis
(Pharaoh ant)

Tapinoma melanocephalum
(Ghost ant)

Paratrechina longicornis
(Crazy ant)

Solenopsis geminata
(Tropical fire ant)

What is Ants?

  • Ants are social insects. There are three kinds of ants in a colony: The queen, the female workers, and males. The females worker are most commonly seen by man and they forage for food, water and feeding the immature.
  • Ants don't have ears. Ants "hear" by feeling vibrations in the ground through their feet.
  • When ants fight, it is usually to the death. When foraging, ants leave a pheromone trail so that they know where they've been,
  • Ants don't have lungs. Oxygen enters through tiny holes all over the body and carbon dioxide leaves through the same holes.
  • When the queen of the colony dies, the colony can only survive a few months. Queens are rarely replaced and the workers are not able to reproduce.

Control Methods

  1. Residual spraying with non repellent insecticide are commonly used to control ants but in fact it is less effectiveness because of this direct insecticide treatment on foraging ants will not eliminate a colony.
  2. Insecticide can also be sprayed into cracks and crevices to control ants.
  3. Use of baits is the best approach to control ants. The ants will feed on the bait and bring it back to shared with other members of the colony. Thus the insecticide able to affect the entire colony and eventually eliminate the colony.